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The Type of Properties and Metadata That Gets Stored on Top of NFTs

Ryan Lenett



Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) have played a major role in blockchain.

Just about anyone interested in cryptocurrencies has come across the term “NFT” and seen NFT art.

Each NFT is unique, which means that each one features a unique identifier through which it can differentiate itself when compared to the other ones across the ecosystem.

NFT art is created like other digital art with the main difference being is that the actual art is tokenized through a process called minting and lives on the blockchain.

Within each NFT, there are specific properties and metadata that adds value and uniqueness. Today, we will be exploring what kind of metadata gets stored within them and how all of it works.

What is the Metadata in NFTs?

The metadata is information that is utilized as a means of describing other data. The metadata within NFTs can describe properties, such as the name, total supply, and even transactional history.

Note that a non-fungible token (NFT) is a cryptographic token that gets hosted on a blockchain and can represent a digital asset that is in the form of a JPEG, GIF, or even an MP4 file. 

NFT metadata makes up the content of an NFT and is specified within a JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) format.

Where Is the NFT Metadata Stored?

The data which makes up an NFT has to be kept somewhere, and this is typically either done on-chain or off-chain.

To keep an NFT on-chain, the asset, as well as the metadata, needs to live on the blockchain. For example, user can store their NFT data on chain via Pastel Network’s Cascade protocol – which is a permanent distributed storage solutions that ensures your NFTs can never be lost. 

This method of storage can ensure that users can, at any point in time, verify all of the different aspects of the digital asset and access it without any problems. 

However, creators that are just starting out tend to keep the NFT data off nchain because it is easier and requires no understanding of blockchain. 

Storing an NFT off chain means that just parts of the whole NFT can exist outside of the blockchain. For example, users can utilize Google Drive or Amazon Web Services (AWS) to do so, or decentralized servers such as the InterPlanetary File System (IPFS), but these solutions have numerous drawbacks and are unreliable – i.e., assets can be lost. 

How Does the NFT Metadata Operate? 

There are numerous blockchain networks that support the creation of non-fungible tokens (NFTs). Each network will feature its own token standard that needs to be followed. For example, Ethereum features the ERC-721 token standard, which is by far one of the most popular standards due to its ubiquity and also that it was one of the first.

The standard requires all tokens to be non-fungible and feature unique token IDs.

There’s also the ERC-1155 standard, which enables a single contract to contain fungible as well as non-fungible tokens.

Other blockchains, such as Solana, have different token standards.

In terms of the underlying functionality of NFTs, the NFT metadata needs to be stored somewhere as a means of preserving the overall multimedia files. 

The metadata, when stored, is returned to the smart contract as a hash and pinned to the protocol. The resulting URL gets recorded within the self-executing contract’s storage and gets linked to the ID of the relevant token.

The same URL resolves to a JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) format object on the web, with a clear structure and specific properties. It needs a specific field, such as a name, description, as well as an image, to show the content properly when it is integrated with the most commonly utilized marketplaces, such as OpenSea or Rarible.

Some of the properties of an NFT can include its uniqueness, indivisibility, portability, and even its programmability. There are specific NFT collections that have been created, which feature properties such as characters with different hairstyles, eyes, mouths, noses, ears, fur color, and so on – all of which needs to get stored.

How To Create NFTs WIth Custom Metadata?

There are numerous ways through which anyone can create NFTs that feature custom metadata. For example, they can utilize the blockchain’s native programming languages, such as Ethereum’s Solidity, to code them and then store them in solutions that are either centralized or decentralized.

However, not all people specialize in creating artworks, music, or other works, want to commit the time or sidetrack their career to learn a programming language and how all of these underlying systems work.

This is where solutions such as SmartMint by Pastel Network can aid creators in minting, listing, and managing their NFTs.

SmartMint is a platform that makes minting NFTs – and creating drops and collections -as simple as possible through its no-code solution that anyone can utilize and easily understand.

Each mint sends data to the Pastel Network and determines its relative rareness score through the Sense protocol, which is a near-duplicate NFT detection protocol.

Moreover, the NFTs can be stored safely and securely, with the data and metadata from every mint stored on Cascade, which is a distributed, permanent storage system purpose-built for the storage of NFT data.

SmartMint also supports numerous blockchains, including Ethereum, Polygon and Solana.

Moving Forward with SmartMint

We have gone over just about everything new NFT creators need to know about the metadata that gets stored within NFTs, as well as the various properties they have. All that’s left for creators to do is to pick the route through which they will mint or create their NFTs and which blockchain they will utilize to accomplish the goal.

Try out SmartMint today

Ryan is a car enthusiast and an accomplished team builder passionate about crafting captivating narratives. Known for his ability to transport readers to other worlds, his writing has garnered attention and a dedicated following. With a keen eye for detail and a gift for storytelling, Ryan continues to weave literary magic in every word he writes.

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Google Adds Gemini AI Features to Gmail and Workspace Apps

Cam Speck



Google has updated its Workspace apps, such as Gmail, with new AI based features from the Gemini brand. These adjustments aim to make managing emails, documents and data more effective using sophisticated AI models like Gemini 1.5 Pro.

Gemini AI Sidebar in Gmail

A new Gemini side panel is being brought by Google on the web that can compress email threads and draft new emails. It offers “proactive prompts,” but it also allows users to ask “free form questions,” as stated in a Google blog post. The AI features are developed using Google’s top quality models.

Main features of Gmail’s Gemini sidebar,

  • Email thread breakup
  • Email thread response suggestions
  • New email drafting help
  • Solving queries about emails from inbox or Google Drive files

Gmail’s mobile apps are also getting these functionalities which allow users to use Gemini for condensing threads. However, access to these features is limited only to paying subscribers, including customers of specific Google Workspace addons and Google One AI Premium subscribers.

Gemini AI in Other Google Workspace Apps

Google extends the use of Gemini features beyond Gmail into other Workspace utilities like Docs, Sheets, Slides and Drive. The company revealed these updates during its I/O 2024 event. They are now accessible for users.

Functionality across various Workspace utilities,

  • Docs: Gemini can aid with content writing and refining, information summarising, brainstorming and generating content based on other files.
  • Slides: Gemini has capabilities of creating . new slides, custom pictures and condensing presentations.
  • Sheets: In Sheets, he helps in tracking and managing data,
  • Drive: Using Gemini one can get summaries of single or multiple documents, get easy to understand details about a project

To use these features on the web, users can click on the “Ask Gemini” icon that looks like a sparkle next to their profile picture at the top right corner. The click will launch an assistive experience in the same tab offering suggested queries and automatic summaries.

Preemptive and Assistive AI Features

The introduction of the Gemini AI sidebar by Google aims to make Workspace apps easier to use and more efficient. Proactive help in managing data and projects is also included amongst these AI abilities along with drafting and summarization capabilities.

Noteworthy features,

  • Automatic shortening of ongoing work
  • Preemptive prompts for productivity improvement
  • Sophisticated reasoning and extended context window given by Gemini 1.5 Pro

Users are recommended to review AIgenerated content because sometimes inaccurate info may get generated by these advanced systems. Such care is especially needed while writing essential emails or documents.

Pricing Plans and Availability

The rollout of Google’s new side panel called Gemini along with its features will happen across several subscription plans, including,

  • Google One AI Premium
  • Addon for Business and Enterprise by Gemini
  • Gemini Education addon as well as Education Premium addon

All these features will be fully deployed by Google in coming weeks. The aim behind using these AI tools is improving the efficiency of users across varied platforms, both web based as well as mobile.

In summary

The addition of new Gemini AI features represents considerable advancement in terms of integrating state of the art AI functionality into tools that are being used by millions every day. Google strives to offer a more productive and smooth user experience through these enhancements in Gmail and other workspace apps. These powerful tools come with a caution suggesting users to confirm the correctness of the content generated by this AI.

Given AI technology’s continuous advancement, it can be said that the Gemini features offered by Google stand at the cutting edge of AI supported productivity, showing promise to redefine how users interact within their digital workspaces.

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Microsoft Unveils Affordable Copilot+ AI PCs

Ashley Waithira



June 18, 2024, was a crucial day for Microsoft and Windows 11 users as Microsoft presented its new range ofilot+ AI PCs. With Qualcomm’s Snapdragon X processors, these computers will bring hightech AI capabilities straight into people’s homes.

Cheapest Copilot+ PC, Surface Laptop 7

The most affordable new Copilot+ AI PC is surprisingly from Microsoft. The Surface Laptop 7 costs $999.99, currently the lowest price for a Copilot+ PC. This modern laptop has a Snapdragon X Plus processor, 16GB of RAM and a 256GB SSD with a clear display of 2304 x 1536 resolution at a rate of 120 Hz refresh and brightness as high as 600 nits.

  • Price tag, $999.99
  • CPU, Snapdragon X Plus
  • RAM Size, 16GB
  • Data Storage Size, An adaptable 256GB SSD
  • Screen Details, A crisp display with dimensions of –13.8 inches at resolution levels of –2304 x1536 pixels along with the refresh speed of –120Hz.

The impressive range of features on the Surface Laptop makes it an excellent choice for those wanting to try out new Copilot+ AI abilities. Unlike its counterparts like Surface Pro11 which need an extra buy for the keyboard , this variant has an inbuilt one, increasing its appeal.

Specifications and Efficiency

The new Copilot+ PCs by Microsoft come loaded with Qualcomm’s Snapdragon X series processors, recognized for their superb AI processing abilities. The advanced features of Copilot+ include ,

  • Cocreator, A tool built into Windows Paint that converts text to imagery.
  • Windows Studio Effects, Tools that improve webcam visuals such as auto framing and background blur of video calls.
  • Live Captions with Translation, Video content can be transcribed and translated in real time.
  • Recall, This feature records all activities on the device (it has been suspended over privacy worries) .

Preliminary performance tests have shown pleasing outcomes. Using the Handbrake application, the Surface Laptop 7 with the Snapdragon X Plus processor managed transcoding tasks well outshining some of Intel’s freshest products.

User Feedback and Market Response

This introduction of Copilot+ PC’s has gotten tech enthusiasts talking, they are seen as a huge step for Windows’ ARM platform providing longer battery lives and high tech AI capacities. But not without a few challenges on its way.

  • Compatibility Problems, Issues were faced by certain applications especially those that need specific AI models.
  • A weak spot in Battery Testing , There were inconsistencies during different battery tests , indicating software refinement problems .
  • Inconsistent Geekbench ML Ratings, Mixed results were found when comparing Snapdragon X Elite’s performance in machine learning ratings against Intel’s Hardware.

Apart from these challenges there is positive outlook overall for this product line. Microsoft’s ambitious move into the AI PC sector could have a strong influence on future computer sales.

What the Future Holds

Gazing forward, Microsoft’s aim is to sell over 50 million AI PCs in the next year. This lofty goal is driven by the growing need for AI technology. The market for AI PCs will grow swiftly as more users experience the benefits of AI features on their personal computers .

  • Upcoming Upgrades, Later this year , launches by Intel and AMD of their own AIenabled processors are expected , marking potential competition.
  • New Possibilities with AI Technology , Ongoing enhancements in AI technology will further enrich the array of applications and additional benefits, boosting capabilities of these computers. .
  • Data Privacy, Addressing data confidentiality problems when using AI enabled functions like Recall is vital to retain user confidence.

In Summary

The launch of Copilot+ AI PCs by Microsoft signifies a major innovation in integrating Artificial Intelligence into personal computers. These state of the art devices with competitive pricing and backed by Qualcomm’s high powered processors are set to transform the industry. As technological advancements continue, users can look forward to an even broader range of practical applications to improve their digital experiences.

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PS-5 and Xbox Series X/S Upgrades Better Gaming Experience

Ryan Lenett



Sony released a new update for the PS 5 that enables users to use Discord voice chats directly from their console. This feature bypasses the need to start a call from a computer or mobile phone. Simplifying things for gamer who chat with friends on Discord while playing.

PS 5’s Straightforward Discord Integration

  • The update will be phased in gradually, starting in Japan/Asia, then Europe, Australia/New Zealand, Middle East, and lastly the Americas.
  • Users should update their PS 5 system software and link both their Play Station Network and Discord accounts to use this feature.
  • To enter a Discord voice chat on PS5 you must approach it via the Control Center’s Game Base just select your preferred voice channel from there.

This upgrade is a notable step forward compared to before where players had to transfer calls to their PS 5 using another device. Sony’s tie up with Discord highlights its focus on refining the social side of gaming.

Other New Features on PS 5

The recent update also introduces more new features apart from integrating Discord,

  • Now child accounts can add links to third party services as well as apps which improves their gaming experience with services like Apple Music, Spotify and YouTube.
  • New tools give parents control over child account links with third party venues.
  • Better system software performance and stability are assured now.
  • PULSE Elite wireless headset, PULSE Explore wireless earbuds, Play Station Link USB adapter are all updated to improve their connections and usability.

Updates for Xbox Series X/S

Microsoft also launched updates for the Xbox Series X/S. These upgrades focus on animated backgrounds, WiFi connectivity and cloud gaming enhancements.

  • An upgraded dynamic back grounds now let each game’s art engulf the background when users flick over it.
  • Users can hold up to 10 WiFi connections which makes changing locations quicker due to familiar network settings.
  • Managing subscriptions directly from a settings menu is now possible which gives better control over services such as Game Pass.
  • Increased support for mouse and keyboard in cloud gaming as well as simplified cloud save management thanks to new features.

The updates reflect Microsoft‘s dedication to refining the user experience. And making Xbox Series X/S more versatile and user friendly devices.

Gaming Console User Experiences Going Up

Sony and Microsoft‘s updates point to a silent console face off aimed at making gaming more rewarding. Sony’s PS5 upgrade especially with direct Discord access suits gamer who use the communication platform extensively. On the other hand, Xbox users’ feedback on dynamic backgrounds, WiFi connectivity, and cloud gaming drove Microsoft’s upgrades.

Incorporating fresh features alongside polishing existing ones enables both companies to continually refine the gaming experience. This aligns with broader industry trends where players’ experience becomes integral to tech development.

To Conclude

Sony and Microsoft continue updating their PS 5 and Xbox Series X/S consoles experimentally adding features like Direct Discord integration, advanced active backdrops, better system performance etc. For gamer this means they can anticipate smoother game play experiences. These rolling updates strengthen both functional aspects as well as social interaction for players enabling them more facility in playing and enjoying their favourite games.

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