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Smoking Causes Early Death in People With Type 2 Diabetes

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A number of studies have examined the link between smoking and early death in people with diabetes. A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies performed by Pan and colleagues found that smoking was associated with a higher risk of total mortality from coronary heart disease and stroke, as well as mortality from peripheral artery disease, heart failure, and other complications. These findings were consistent with the findings of earlier studies.

Although the relationship between smoking and diabetes is complex and confusing, this association should encourage greater efforts to design effective smoking cessation programs and avoidance strategies. Furthermore, the high smoking prevalence in people with diabetes indicates the importance of systematically counseling smokers with diabetes. But it should not be the sole cause of concern.

In a recent study, researchers from the Nurses’ Health Study looked at mortality rates in women with diabetes. They included 7,401 women who had type 2 diabetes at baseline and during follow-up. Their focus was on cause-specific mortality and total mortality in women with diabetes.

Smoking also interferes with the way the body process sugar. It is associated with an increased risk of developing diabetes by 30 to 40%. Moreover, a study from 2016 found that non-smokers had lower levels of the blood sugar hemoglobin A1C, which measures blood sugar.

Smoking increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. It can also increase the risk of dying from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, and other conditions. Researchers have looked into the relationship between smoking and mortality in people with type 2 diabetes. And although these results do not prove smoking causes early death, it does suggest a relationship between diabetes and early death. But it is still unclear whether the relationship between diabetes and mortality is causal or merely coincidental.

Fortunately, people with type 2 diabetes can live longer thanks to improvements in diabetes treatment and prevention. Researchers also note that cancer and stroke are now the leading causes of death for people with type 2 diabetes. It is a clear indication that the long-term effects of smoking on this condition are still too early to make any definitive conclusions.

While a number of studies have concluded that quitting smoking reduces the risk of cardiovascular events in people with diabetes, the exact effects of quitting have yet to be determined. However, there is ample evidence to suggest that smoking increases the risk of new-onset T2DM, but it tends to decline over time. This is consistent with the results of a recent systematic review of ten prospective cohort studies on the relationship between smoking and diabetes.

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Employees at Spotify Receive a Paid Week off to Rest and Recover

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Employees at Spotify Receive a Paid Week off to Rest and Recover

This week, if you’re one of over 6,000 employees of Spotify, you likely hit the snooze button a few more times than the thousands of other workers that got up around the world.

The online streaming company declared their “wellness week,” where they will close all offices and let their employees receive a paid week off of work.

As a blog post by Spotify CHRO Katarina Berg mentioned, “We strive to offer freedom and we feel it’s not only important but crucial to establish a safe environmental culture for our employees.” “All Spotify offices will be shut so that all of our staff members may unwind, center themselves, and do something they enjoy. With this additional week of paid time off, we intend that our employees all around the world will be able to take the time out for themselves and come back to work energized, revitalized, and refreshed.”

The company’s global head of learning and development, talent development, and community experience, Johanna Bolin Tingvall, disclosed in a post on Monday that she got up at 6 a.m. only to realize that the company had shut down.

Her post reads, “I am so grateful.! Can you imagine a firm practically closing down for a whole week to allow its employees to take care of their mental health? And they do not see it as a cost but an investment in their employees.”

Another employee posted on Linked In: “If you are looking for me next week, I’m unavailable because we all have the week off at Spotify to take care of ourselves!” 

JUST LAST MONTH, Vivek H. Murthy, the U.S. Surgeon General, provided official advice on how “toxic workplaces,” frequently fueled by a culture of stress and burnout, impact workers’ physical and mental health. In his report, Murthy points out that long-term stress can interfere with sleep, which can cause a variety of physical and mental health issues. Letting employees feel important and addressing these issues head-on is essential for workplaces. 

The report reads that “We have the potential to make workplaces engines for mental health and well-being.” “For doing so, organizations will require to reconsider how they safeguard employees from harm, cultivate a sense of connection among employees, show them that they are valued, make room for their lives outside work, and support them in their long-term professional development.”

Employees feel that a focus on mental health and wellness has been too frequently left off the list as a result of the problems presented by the pandemic. In a recent survey, more than half of Gen Z respondents said that having access to mental health benefits was their top priority, being second only to having a 401(k). Research has also shown that although employees want mental health benefits at work, they rarely feel like they actually get them. Even those with unlimited paid time off (PTO) don’t feel motivated or whether they “deserve” to take time off.

The global concerns that impacted employees’ personal and professional lives led Spotify to launch its wellness week in 2021. While some choose to slow down, others choose to travel during the week.

“The primary criteria we had in place was that everyone unplugs. It didn’t matter anything our employees did with their week. We all took a break from the daily barrage of emails, texts, and video conferences,” Berg says in the post. Naturally, we received feedback that at first, it seemed unusual to spend a week not checking email, but that the experience of quiet calmness that eventually took over was unlike any other experience.

Breaks have the power to improve focus, foster long-term productivity, and boost employee retention, according to experts, and hence, Spotify is advising staff to take this week away from work.

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The Wellness Center Offers a Wealth of Resources to Help You Live Your Healthiest Life

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The Wellness Center Offers a Wealth of Resources to Help You Live Your Healthiest Life

The University of Wyoming understands the importance of a holistic approach to education and offers many programs geared toward mental and physical well-being. The University of Wyoming offers many free wellness programs for students and faculty. The Wellness Center is just one example of how students and faculty can take advantage of these opportunities.

The Wellness Center is situated in the Half Acre Recreation and Wellness Center building and operates during school days.

The center offers many services, from health promotion to stress relief, and they are available whenever the center is open! Among the most readily available services are electronic full-body massage chairs. The massage chairs come with various programs to choose from, including Thai, Swedish, Sports, and Shiatsu massages. There are seven types of massages: recovery, performance-based, energizing, awakening, lower back, and upper back massage, as well as a demonstration.

University of Wyoming students can use these chairs for free by making an appointment online or in person. They will need to show their WyoOne ID when they arrive.

Free Fruit Friday is a weekly event at the WC where any University of Wyoming student can take home a piece of fruit. In addition to free fruit, there are also informational brochures on health supplies and materials.

The Wellness Center is an excellent place for those passionate about helping others reach their wellness goals. The Wellness Center’s staff is always available to help you with anything you need, including tips on athletics or personal training, and they also offer health screenings. In addition, the center offers weekly classes on a variety of topics, ranging from fitness and exercise to personal development. Some of the most popular classes include Zumba, yoga, and swimming.

The Wellness Center is a fantastic resource for all students, and taking advantage of the services available can be extremely beneficial. Not only do they provide a great environment for learning, but they also provide an athletic trainer who can help the students out. If students are feeling stressed after taking an exam, they can sit in a massage chair to help relieve the tension. If they need assistance with mental health awareness or other issues, consultants are available to speak with them or direct them to classes that will relax their minds and help them get fit.

The Wellness Center provides an array of services from Monday through Friday, 9:00 a.m. – 5:30 p.m., including outreach programs and more.

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Facilitator Model for Public Health Reporting is Launched by NCPDP

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Facilitator Model for Public Health Reporting is Launched by NCPDP

The National Council for Prescription Drug Programs (NCPDP) shall put standards into place that provide access to real-time data to help public health reporting in times of crisis.

Nov 1st, 2022 – The National Council for Prescription Drug Programs (NCPDP), a CMS Designated Standards Maintenance Organization, has declared the beginning of the implementation of its National Facilitator Model, which intends to facilitate public health reporting to boost pandemic and epidemic interventions.

Public health data systems’ poor emergency reaction to COVID-19 (link – https://ehrintelligence.com/features/how-health-information-exchange-can-support-public-health-equity )was caused by interoperability issues and other flaws. Before the pandemic, there were problems with patient data sharing and public health reporting, but when the COVID-19 pandemic casued a significant effect on the healthcare sector, these two health IT problems grew in importance.

The underdeveloped public healthcare system and lack of disaster preparedness highlighted a need for enhanced real-time patient health data interchange and access.

The COVID-19 pandemic and the opioid crisis revealed, among other things, care gaps that were addressed by pharmacists and issues with the existing public health infrastructure, according to Lee Ann Stember, president and CEO of NCPDP.

“And while there has been significant support for updating our public health infrastructure and removing data silos, pharmacists as well as other providers continue to lack access to comprehensive, real-time data from the entire healthcare ecosystem at the point-of-care to support clinical decision-making.”

The NCPDP Real-Time Prescription Benefits data standards and technologies, which have eased access to real-time pharmacy data, will be used with the National Facilitator Model. Under this use case, these industry standards will enable access to real-time data about prescriptions, tests, immunizations, and other pharmacy data by pharmacies, prescribers, and governmental organizations.

“The National Facilitator Model pilot program has my personal and professional support. It has been operational for nine years to assist stem the opioid epidemic and alert prescribers and pharmacists to possible abuse or misuse before an opioid is even administered, according to Stember.

Well beyond the opioid epidemic, all public health concerns have been addressed using the model as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to Stember. “Congressional leaders, business organizations, and others in the healthcare sector have strongly supported the idea. In order for it to be widely adopted and used for epidemic and pandemic responses and public health surveillance, the private sector must advance it and make it operational.

A number of phases will be included in the project to enhance public health infrastructure(link – https://ehrintelligence.com/news/star-hie-program-supports-public-health-agencies-throughout-covid-19 ) between states.

According to NCPDP, pharmacists will access, observe, and report information about the COVID-19 vaccine series in Phase 1 to promote workflow-enabled efficiency, data integration, and real-time data availability.

According to Stember, “The NCPDP National Facilitator Model intends to make that feasible by employing the similar interoperable industry standards that facilitate prescribers’ instant transmission, change, and discontinuation of prescriptions today, as well as prescribers’ quick access to eligibility, pharmacy claim billing, and prior authorization for pharmacists.” “This pilot is essential; we must act now before the next epidemic strikes,”

It took a team effort to make the National Facilitator Model practicable. As the primary researcher and National Facilitator Registry, health IT provider STChealth will take part in the project.

Additionally, the Lee Ann Stember Endowment, Founders Gift Donors FDB (First Databank), GoodRx, and its general fund contributed to the NCPDP Foundation grant.

“FDB is happy to join NCPDP and support the expansion of the National Facilitator Model. “Clinicians and responding agencies must have ready access to and the capacity to share comprehensive, adaptable, and intuitive medication data in order to manage the well-being of individuals and populations pro-actively, particularly during a public health emergency,” said FDB President Bob Katter, who also serves as the patient safety chair for the NCPDP Foundation’s new National Advisory Council.

In addition, patient-specific health as well as medication data “assist identify at-risk individuals and suggest proactive next measures,” Katter continued. “The National Facilitator Model is a natural continuation of our decades-long cooperation with NCPDP through which we supply reliable drug expertise and interoperability capabilities to enable healthcare professionals in executing their crucial workflows,” the company claims.

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